can someone tell me about Chad-Canada foreign relations?

Question by Kevin7: can someone tell me about Chad-Canada foreign relations?

Best answer:

Answer by Cheetah
Chad is represented in Canada by an Embassy in Washington, D.C., U.S.A.

Bilateral relations between Canada and Chad are limited. However the two countries collaborate in various multilateral forums including La Francophonie.

Canada supports efforts to re-establish peace, security and political dialogue in the region. The conflicts between the government and rebel groups, the humanitarian crisis at the border between Chad and Sudan (Darfur region) as well as the tensions between the two countries contribute to the instability of the region. Canada encourages Chad and Soudan to continue to normalise their relations.

Canadian aid in Chad is mainly of a humanitarian nature and is dispensed through multilateral and international organisations channels such as the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the United Nation World Food Program (WFP) and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria. The Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) provides training grants to Tchad through the Canadian Francophonie Grants Program. Canada also finances local projects through the Canada Fund for Local Initiatives, which is managed by the Canadian High Commission in Yaoundé, Cameroon.

Canada actively supports regional initiatives that promote the sustainable management of Africa’s forests ecosystems and in which Chad takes part such as the Congo Basin Forest Partnership and the Central African Forest Commission.

Canada-Chad commercial relations are limited.

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UBA Highlights Most Recent PPACA Changes in Updated Employer and Employee Resource Guides

Indianapolis, Indiana (PRWEB) March 27, 2014

United Benefit Advisors (UBA), the nation’s leading independent employee benefits advisory organization, has released updated versions of several of its most in-demand resource guides that includes recent changes in Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) regulations. “The Employer’s Guide to ‘Play or Pay,’” “Counting Employees Under PPACA,” and “The PPACA Employee Guides” highlight compliance priorities for employers of all sizes and educational guidelines for employees. The UBA PPACA Resource Center, an online library of compliance content, is a popular resource for both employers and benefits advisory firms, indicating that even the competition is looking to UBA for direction, analysis, and insight on the latest news in health care benefits.

“The Employer’s Guide to ‘Play or Pay’” white paper features perspectives from UBA benefit experts, data from the UBA Benefit Opinions Survey, and other facts to help guide employers through some of the most commonly asked questions. The paper has been updated to reflect several delayed effective dates and the final regulations on the employer-shared responsibility requirements.

Download “The Employer’s Guide to ‘Play or Pay’” white paper from

The “PPACA Employee Guides” are designed to help employees understand the basics of PPACA and answer many of the most commonly asked questions regarding minimum essential coverage, family coverage, health insurance Marketplaces, and more.

Updates include open enrollment dates and Federal Poverty Level (FPL) tables.

Download “The PPACA Employee Guides” (including supplements A and B) from

UBA’s guide, “Counting Employees Under PPACA,” helps employers determine how many employees they have for several purposes under the PPACA. This guide covers the basics about:

The definitions of full-time employees
How to count part-time employees on a pro-rata basis
How to treat seasonal employees
Who the law considers an “employee”
Counting hours correctly
Determining average hours worked
Penalties that result if a “large employer” doesn’t offer coverage

Download the guide “Counting Employees Under PPACA” here:

“While most employers will find it immensely beneficial to consult a knowledgeable advisor before making their ‘play or pay’ decisions,” says Rob Calise, UBA Board Chairman, “these in-depth resources are certainly a good place to start in understanding employer responsibilities with regard to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and helping employees better understand the basics of PPACA.”

To contact an advisor, locate the UBA Partner Firm near you at

About United Benefit Advisors

United Benefit Advisors is the nation’s leading independent employee benefits advisory organization with more than 200 offices throughout the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom. As trusted and knowledgeable advisors, UBA Partners collaborate with nearly 2,000 fellow professionals to deliver expertise, thought leadership and best-in-class solutions that positively impact employers and make a real difference in the lives of their employees and families. Employers, advisors and industry-related organizations interested in obtaining powerful results from the shared wisdom of our Partners should visit UBA online at


Carina Sammartino


csammartino (at) fishervista (dot) com

(650) 477-4839

Michelle Obama tries to take the politics out of US-China relations with

Michelle Obama tries to take the politics out of US-China relations with
However the trip is already raising questions at home over whether Mrs Obama can really carry her assiduously non-political style into an arena as politically charged as US-China relations. Categorised as an "official visit" on the White House website …

Cuban Americans hold rare meeting to discuss normalising Cuba relations
MIAMI (Reuters) – Cuban Americans met in Miami on Saturday to discuss how to normalise relations with Cuba and end the five decade-long United States embargo against the communist-run island, the first such gathering in a decade in a city better known …
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Gianni Zonin Honored With Wine Enthusiasts 2013 Lifetime Achievement Award

Miami, Florida (PRWEB) January 29, 2014

A wine industry pioneer, Gianni Zonin – Chairman and President of Casa Vinicola Zonin – was honored on Monday, January 27th with the 2013 Lifetime Achievement Award presented by Wine Enthusiast’s Annual Wine Star Awards Gala Dinner in New York City at the Astor Hall & Celeste Bartos Forum at the New York Public Library. Together with his family, Gianni Zonin was present at the awards ceremony along with Luca Paschina – Barboursville Vineyards General Manager and Winemaker, Massimo Tuzzi – Casa Vinicola Zonin’s Chief International Officer, Steve Howard – Zonin USA National Sales Director, and Pietro Morelli, Zonin USA Marketing Director.

Wine Enthusiast Wine Star Awards honor individuals and companies that have made outstanding achievements in the wine world. Gianni Zonin joins the ranks of celebrated individuals from around the world that have received the Lifetime Achievement Award like Miguel Torres, Baron Eric de Rothschild, Piero Antinori and Robert Mondavi.

With a professional career spanning over five decades and an innovative international vision, “Gianni Zonin has succeeded in an unparalleled number of achievements over the course of his lifetime,” stated Wine Enthusiast’s Editor and Publisher, Adam Strum, emphasizing that “being the first to look beyond not only his own Italian region, but across the ocean for opportunities in China and America, he embodies what it truly means to be a wine industry pioneer.”

Gianni Zonin was born in 1938, in Gambellara, in the Province of Vicenza, located in northeastern Italy. After earning a diploma in Oenology from the Enological Institute of Conegliano Veneto, he graduated with a Law Degree. In 1957, he joined Casa Vinicola Zonin, the family owned company of vintners since 1821, and he became president in 1967, at the age of 29. During his 56 years of leadership, he drastically expanded the company, acquiring 10 magnificent estates for a total of 2,000 hectares (5,000 acres) in the 7 most prestigious wine regions in Italy as well as a world-class winery in Barboursville, VA.

Today, the Zonin family heads one of the leading private winemaking companies in Europe employing a total of 700 people and reported sales of 150 million euros, in 2013, with foreign markets accounting for 70% of total sales. Alongside President Gianni Zonin, his three sons Domenico, Francesco and Michele oversee different areas of the company: Domenico, technical and production management, Francesco, sales & marketing and Michele, financial control.

Proud to receive the 2013 Wine Enthusiast Lifetime Achievement Award, Gianni Zonin said, “It’s not just an honor for me, for my family and for those who work with us, but also for Italy. It’s a confirmation of how well Italians are working in both viticulture and winemaking.”

About Casa Vinicola Zonin USA, Inc.

Casa Vinicola Zonin Italy wholly owns Casa Vinicola Zonin USA in addition to Casa Vinicola Zonin UK, Canada, China and Germany; exporting to more than 100+ countries. A company with nine vineyards located in the seven most prestigious wine growing areas in Italy. The flagship winery, Castello D’Albola located in Tuscany’s Chianti Classico District, Rocca di Montemassi located in Maremma, Tuscany, Principi di Butera located in Sicily, Tenuta Ca’Bolani located in Friuli, Castello del Poggio located in Piedmont/Asti, Tenuta il Bosco located in Lombardy, Podere il Giangio located in Veneto, Abbazia Monte Oliveto located in Tuscany and Masseria Altemura located in Puglia. Each winery is dedicated to its own traditional wines and style.

# # #

China Shouguan Mining Attends Global Resource Investment Conference

Shenzhen, China (PRWEB) December 17, 2013

On December 9 and 10, 2013, China Shouguan Mining Corporation attended the Global Resource Investment Conference held in Shenzhen, China, organized by NAI Interactive Inc. NAI Interactive Inc. holds the Global Resource Investment Conference in Shenzhen every December, which focuses on overseas investment in mining and energy sectors. The Conference offers a platform for discussions on risks, policies and strategies related to overseas resource investment and the opportunity for global companies to interact and develop relationships.

This year’s conference was attended by leading energy and mining experts, including the Minister of Energy and Mines of Canada’s New Brunswick Province, Queen’s Counsel of Canada’s Alberta Province, Chief China Representative of the Toronto Stock Exchange, and Chief Financial Officer of Fosun Group’s Energy Division. The elite collection of experts gave keynote speeches at the Conference, providing valuable insights on overseas mining investment regulations and opportunities. In addition, the Conference also examined prospective undervalued mining projects in Africa and Australia and associated regulatory issues.

At the Conference, President Zhang Feize conducted high level meetings with numerous gold investment professionals, discussing Canada’s gold mining investment and capital market regulations as well as the opportunities and risks of Chinese companies’ overseas acquisition of mining rights. China Shouguan’s interactions with Conference attendees such as COLT, NOVA Copper, Crater Gold Mining and North Cliff Resources provided valuable market insights and strategies regarding overseas mining and acquisitions. China Shouguan gained an immense wealth of market insights from the Conference, providing valuable strategic planning guidance for the Company’s ongoing due diligence surveys, market research, and the examination of regulatory landscapes in Canada as well as other mining rights-intensive regions.

As the first US-listed Chinese gold mining company, China Shouguan received significant media attention at the Conference. President Zhang granted an interview with the popular Hong Kong newspaper South China Morning Post, where he discussed the history and prospects of China’s gold mining industry as well as the Company’s unprecedented opportunities in the gold mining sector.

During the course of Conference, China Shouguan attracted interest from both domestic and international investors. President Zhang reported successful investor meeting sessions and felt confident that the Conference was a invaluable opportunity to raise the profile of China Shouguan and build market awareness.

Throughout the Conference, President Zhang attended and led high level meetings, speeches and intensive one on one business sessions, gaining valuable market information regarding gold mining investment opportunities in overseas markets, particularly the Canadian market. China Shouguan intends to capitalize on the global market insights gained at the Conference and apply them in its overseas expansion efforts.

At the Conference, President Zhang made special note that the relatively low current gold price presents China Shouguan with valuable and strategic opportunities to purchase domestic and overseas premium resources at significantly lower costs. As part of the Company’s broader global expansion efforts, China Shouguan intends to capitalize on cost effective resource acquisition opportunities, conduct expert-led research surveys on domestic and overseas gold mining projects and acquire mining and exploration rights that are compatible with the Company’s development strategy. Ultimately, China Shouguan is preparing for a breakout year in 2014, where it expects to aggressively expand the Company’s gold reserves, increase production capacity, and generate strong returns for its shareholders.

For more information, please contact:

Investor Relations

Phone: 407-921-7032


Safe Harbor Statement This release includes forward-looking statements, which are based on certain assumptions and reflects management’s current expectations. These forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results or events to differ materially from current expectations. Some of these factors include: general global economic conditions; general industry and market conditions, sector changes and growth rates; uncertainty as to whether our strategies and business plans will yield the expected benefits; increasing competition; availability and cost of capital; the ability to identify and develop and achieve commercial success; the level of expenditures necessary to maintain and improve the quality of services; changes in the economy; changes in laws and regulations, including codes and standards, intellectual property rights, and tax matters; or other matters not anticipated; our ability to secure and maintain strategic relationships and distribution agreements. The Company disclaims any intention or obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

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International Relations

For a very long time, the place of Asia in the world of trade has not been a very prominent one. The supremacy has always been claimed by the west. Things seem to be changing fast. The trends in the world have been that the one with the dollars determines pretty much what goes on in the world. The United States as well as Europe have been at the fore front in terms of the world economy and even claimed leadership roles on themselves. In the recent years however, Asian countries have come up in a big way in the world of trade. The amount of goods and services exported play a very great part in the determination of the gross domestic product. The west has been burning extra mid night oil in order to control the way this crucial issue moves. This is necessitated by the emerging competition for African markets, and the apparent success by the Asian giants with regard to African market control. The African as well as the Asian markets have been for quite a long time great consumers of western products, perhaps for lack of alternatives. However, the Asian products, especially from China, Japan and Singapore have really made the westerners hot under their seats. This sudden change of trends has given Asian a great new face. Slowly the Asian giants have been acknowledged as key players in the world economy. This study is interested in the industrialization of Asia and the significance of the same in international relations. Some of the issues to be discussed include: the implications of Asian industrialization for the World Trade Regime, the possible changes in the World Trade Organization as a result of this industrialization, and whether the West should do something in defense of their interests.

The Emerging New Order

In the current highly competitive and complex world, it is very difficult to have any one particular country as the exclusively dominant power. The super growth in technology has made this kind of a trend into a nightmare. The West must be hailed however, for the long grip it has had in the operations of the world. However, that time seems to be gone. The director of the World Trade Organization was quoted in July 2009, saying that the Asian markets were taking the leadership role in terms of economic growth. It seems that although the Asian markets have been hit by the recession, the effects have not been as strong as those felt in the United States and Europe. This leads to one big question: is Asia becoming the new global giant in trade? The Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation members met in Singapore in July 2009 to discuss possible response to the crisis that has plagued the world. The aim was to come up with policies that would aid the recovery process both in the short and long term. It was noted that China was likely to lead the world in terms of export of merchandise. Germany still held the lead, although this seemed not sustainable considering the trends of trade in the European market. So many other Asian countries have recorded a remarkable growth, something that was not anticipated during the recession. Perhaps another reason which has put Asia on the progressive path is that it has not only the capacity to export, but the capacity to consume as well. This works well especially now that the global level of export has gone down, so as countries cry of bad economies, these Asian countries are not very badly off.

The Role of Asian Security in International Relations

One obvious thing in as far as security issues in Asia are concern is that this is a very delicate issue. The last few decades have been marred by international concern, particularly from the west. Several Asian countries have been allegedly producing highly sophisticated weapons. There has been Asia-Western conflict as a result of weapons developments. The west seems very uncomfortable with Asia accumulating weapons. Not so long ago for instance, the United States led an offensive against Iraq on allegation that it was had amassed weapons capable to destroy a lot of people. As a nation advances however, there often is a perceived threat and the needs to self protect which prompts the concerned nation to accumulate weapons. North Korea, Iraq, and Iran have been in the news very often showing the existing conflict between the west and some of the Asian countries. The west perceives the threat caused by accumulation of deadly long range weapons. These nations among others feel on the other hand, that this is one way of capturing the attention of the long time world powers. Of course this trend threatens international security, and the perception the world has of the Asia countries. Terrorism has also become almost identical with Asia. Whenever one speaks of terrorism, many think of an Asian. This is perhaps because most of those involved are of Asian origin. This has made the relationship between Asia and the rest of the world, especially the western world very difficult. For any meaningful development to take place there must be a guarantee that investments are secure. If there are any threats, real or imagined, potential investors are likely to shy away; this is even more so with regard to industrial developments. Often some of the products from Asia have been banned by the European and American markets. The United States for example has banned the importation of any products from Kuwait and Iran. This is because of the bad relations that have existed with these countries. Therefore even as Asia becomes industrialized, there still are challenges it has to deal with, especially security related issues. There still are economic divide issues to deal with in terms of the relation between South Korea, Japan and China, and between India and Pakistan.

The author is associated with Custom Research Paper. The author will assist you with Business Research Paper.


More Foreign Relations Of Canada Articles

Check out this illuminating Polymer Bank Note infographic from the Bank of Canada:

Thursday, July 18, 2013

Canada's New $50 and $100 'Indestructible' Bills Can Melt

In Nov. 2012 and earlier this year, the Bank of Canada released new $50 and $100 Canadian bills.  The key differences:  These bills are forged from polymers, not paper.  (I, foolishly, assumed polymer was just fancy code for plastic--but was wrong.)

But now in circulation, some Canadians are finding one flaw with these super tough, environmentally friendly bills.  

Under certain conditions they will curl up like bacon in a frying pan.
“The Bank of Canada cannot rule out that polymer notes may be damaged under certain extraordinary conditions,” Julie Girard, a currency spokesperson for the Bank of Canada, told the Star Thursday.
According to various reports, the so-called indestructible polymer bills will shrink under intense heat, be it the inside of a car or placed next to a heat source.
The new $100 bills cost 19 cents each to produce — almost twice that of paper bills — but are said to last 2.5 times longer, or about 19 years, than the paper cousin and are resistant to tearing and water damage. The new bills also have hidden security features, including transparent holograms, making them difficult to counterfeit.
Check out this illuminating Polymer Bank Note infographic from the Bank of Canada:

Tuesday, July 9, 2013

What...My Verizon Phone Will Work on Both Sides of the Canada-U.S. Border? Verizon May Enter the Canadian Marketplace, Ending One of the Most Recognizable Canada-U.S. Digital Border Barriers

One of the most recognizable Canada-U.S. border barriers may soon fall.

So, are you one of the many cross-border travelers who detests either (a) having two phones or (b) adjusting to life without your Verizon cell phone?

Well, your stress may soon be over. (Oh, also, Canadians may see more options for watching NHL and NFL games.)

From Michael Geist
Reports that U.S. telecom giant Verizon may be preparing to enter the Canadian market has sparked considerable speculation on the likely impact of a company with a market cap greater than Bell, Rogers, and Telus combined. While much of the discussion has centered on wireless pricing, the more significant development may be the shift toward a single North American communications market.


The prospect of a Verizon entry into Canada would put a single communications market into overdrive. On the telecom side, Verizon could use its Canadian network to change the approach to roaming in North America altogether, since it would be uniquely positioned to offer a single U.S. and Canadian network. 
The company could move to eliminate roaming fees for U.S. and Canadian customers, while offering cost-competitive U.S. and Canadian roaming together for international providers establishing wholesale roaming agreements. Such a plan would obviously be attractive to the corporate sector as well as regular cross-border travellers, leading to the gradual elimination of roaming and long distance charges for calls throughout North America.

On the broadcasting side, Verizon holds exclusive U.S. rights to both the National Football League and the National Hockey League. Those rights are currently held by BCE in Canada, but a Verizon entry into Canada could shake things up. Verizon could presumably complicate the BCE rights by offering free access to NFL and NHL games to Canadian customers when they travel to the U.S. More interestingly, it could make a play for joint U.S.-Canada rights in the future, moving closer to an elimination of the geographic divide on content rights.


With satellite radio and Internet video already close to a single market, regulatory reform to longstanding policies such as simultaneous substitution a possibility, and the geographic lines on telecom, content, and broadcast distribution all increasingly blurred, the big question may be whether Canada is closing in on a common North American communications market.

Friday, June 28, 2013

RIP RIM's Blackberry Playbook; Update on RIM's Non-Demise Demise

By Keith Edmund White

Canada's tech-juggernaut, Research in Motion ("RIM"), now trading as Blackberry, is still adapting to the new world of mobile devices, but its still on path to release a new generations of devices--which can hopefully return this company to premier status.

(Check out Justin McNeil 2012 post The Decline and Fall of the Blackberry Empire.)

First, WSJ reports on Blackberry's 1st quarter loss (and likely 2nd quarter loss), because of Venezuelan foreign currency restrictions.  

(Learn more about Venezuela's long-standing currency issues in this handy Economist article.)

And, yes, Blackberry continues to lose subscribers, but it has the cash to push out its new generation of phones.

But, even when Blackberry does stuff right, that doesn't mean success in this heavily competitive global marketplace for mobile devices.

From Lance Ulanoff's excellent op-ed in today's Mashable, Blackberry PlayBook Is as Good as Dead:

Today, BlackBerry (the company formerly known as RIM) essentially put a nail in the PlayBook coffin by announcing that it would not be converted to the new Blackberry 10 OS. That mobile OS is clearly the future of the company. QNX, though, bought and now developed by BlackBerry, is the past. 
In a Q1 2014 earnings press release, BlackBerry CEO Thorsten Heins outlined the company’s near-term strategy: “Throughout the remainder of fiscal 2014, the company will invest in BlackBerry 10 smartphone launches, and the roll out of BlackBerry Enterprise Service 10, to continue to establish the new BlackBerry 10 platform in the marketplace.”
Will Blackberry ever build another tablet? If Heins can turn BB10 and its flagship phones into a success, then yes. But the signs are not promising. From the earnings statement:
“The smartphone market remains highly competitive, making it difficult to estimate units, revenue and levels of profitability ... Based on the competitive market dynamics and these investments, the company anticipates it will generate an operating loss in the second quarter.”
With this kind of fiscal outlook, it’s unlikely the company will invest heavily in new initiatives like rebooting its 7-inch tablet product line. 
So, PlayBook, it was nice knowing you. You were, in fact, impressive and innovative for your time. Your features like cards (at least on a tablet), swipe from bevel, true multitasking, wireless content sharing and more have all been copied by more successful mobile companies.
I guess you can take solace in that.

Friday, June 21, 2013

Video: Yesterday's WWC Cyber-Security Event Featuring U.S. Secretary of Homeland Security

Watch yesterday's Woodrow Wilson Center event on on Cyber-Security and public-private partnerships.

For a good, if now out-dated, recap on public-private partnerships & cyber-security, check out this Feb. 2011 article by Lawrence P. Farrell Jr.

Sequester's Bite: House Dem. Report Details U.S. Cutbacks to Critical Canada-U.S. Spending Priorities

BTBObserver shines light on a recent report documenting sequestration's impact on federal agencies, highlight cuts that affect the Canada-U.S. bilateral relationship:
The House Committee on Appropriations Democrats released a report detailing the considerable impact sequestration is having on important federal programs
Below are excerpts from the must-read report pertaining to the Canada-U.S. relationship:

Airport safety and wait times: …Sequestration reduced Customs and Border Protection’s (CBP) FY 2013 appropriated dollars by approximately $600 million, which required CBP to reduce overtime for CBP Officers (CBPO) beginning in early March. These cuts have already led to significant increases in wait times at air ports of entry. (Page 5).

Overall, USCG expects to have approximately 20-50 percent fewer assets in the offshore patrol areas for migrant and drug interdiction at various times over the next several months. The Coast Guard expects to submit a reprogramming request in the next few weeks that will mitigate some of the impacts, but will likely not completely restore planned interdiction patrols. (Page 6).

Ports of Entry: As noted above, sequestration reduced Customs Border Protection Officer (CBPO) overtime availability at the Nation’s ports. This slows the movement of goods across the border and impedes U.S. capacity to facilitate and expedite cargo, adding costs to the supply chain and diminishing global competitiveness.

Land border truck wait times have increased significantly.
  • Del Rio and Mariposa both reported wait times of 120 minutes; normal wait times average 15 minutes for both locations.
  • Pharr Cargo reported wait times of 105 minutes; normal wait times average 15 minutes.
  • Detroit Fort Street Cargo reported wait times of 60 minutes; normal wait times average 5 minutes.
  • Other POEs with wait time increases: Nogales, Peace Bridge, Progreso, and Rainbow Bridge. (Pages 18-19).
Maritime cargo also faced delays: LA/Long Beach reported container release delays of 144 hrs (6 days) and Port Everglades and Miami Seaport reported container delays up to 48 hours. And cruise ships saw the effects of reduced CBPO overtime. Los Angeles and Port Everglades reported increased processing times of 6.5 hours; normal processing time is 4 hours.

Sequestration will also affect Border Patrol coverage between ports of entry, but DHS is still attempting to find additional savings. CBP expects to submit a reprogramming notification soon to mitigate some of these impacts and to prevent the need to furlough CBPOs for an estimated 3-4 days. (Pages 18-19).
Read the entire report here.

Tuesday, June 18, 2013

Canada Needs Three Arctic Ports - Fmr. Canadian Northern Forces Commander

The Hill Times offers this editorial from Pierre Leblanc, former Canadian Northern Forces commander and current President of Canadian Diamond Consultants, Inc., urging Canada to construct three Arctic ports:
Canada needs three ports in the Arctic: on its West Coast, in the centre of the archipelago, and on the East Coast.

There is near-unanimous agreement that the Arctic is warming at about twice the rate of global warming elsewhere. There is also clear evidence that the arctic polar ice cap is fast disappearing. Human activity in the Arctic is increasing exponentially as the Arctic becomes increasingly accessible. Maritime traffic has grown significantly.

The U.S. Coast Guard has reported that commercial maritime traffic through the Northern Sea Route along the Russian Coast increased tenfold between 2010 and 2012. Canada’s Northwest Passage was free of ice in 2007, years ahead of scientific predictions. It has been free of ice every summer since.

There is growing interest in harvesting the natural resources that have been shielded by the permanent polar ice cap. This will naturally lead to further increases in human activity and a greater incidence of search and rescue operations and maritime accidents. Such incidents could lead to an environmental catastrophe, in what is recognised as a very fragile environment with a short vertical food chain. Almost any major accident in the Arctic will affect the “human security” of its inhabitants.


Nunavut Premier Eva Aariak has stated that one of the anchors of sovereignty in the Canadian Arctic is having healthy communities. By investing and developing ports such as those proposed, the federal government could put concrete action behind Minister Leona Aglukkaq’s stated desire to develop the Arctic during Canada’s chairmanship of the Arctic Council. It would create a significant number of long term well-paying jobs for the communities in and around those ports. “Build a road and they will come” it is said. In the Canadian Arctic, ports will attract business. In so doing, Canada would also improve greatly its ability to deal with SAR [search and rescue] and marine pollution and meet its international commitments.